### Affinity Laws for Pumping Systems (ALPS) - Part One ...

Dec 17, 2011 The affinity laws are primarily used to estimate the effect of speed and impeller diameter changes on pump performance. For example, let's look at Figure 1. Figure 1. To use the affinity laws to determine the effect of increasing speed from 3400-rpm to 3600-rpm, we must first calculate the effect of speed on flow and head for each performance ...

### What Are The Pump Affinity Laws? - PIPE-FLO

Engineers specifying centrifugal pumps for their application are typically concerned with the three primary performance characteristics: flow, head, and power. These three characteristics will vary with changes in impeller speed, following very …

### Affinity Law for Multi-Stage Pumps - Pump engineering ...

Feb 26, 2010 There is no pump curve for 7-stages. The engineer in 1977 estimated the 7-stage pump to be 440-ft at shutoff. Today I field verified the shutoff being with 10% of 440-ft. I am not aware of any pump affinity laws regarding multiple stages. My current view is the original 10-stage pump would be 96-ft per stage.

### Sanitary Pump 101- Affinity Laws Centrifugal Pump ...

Jan 07, 2022 The Affinity Laws. Let’s start by taking a look high level, whiteboard look, at the affinity laws. Unlike with a positive displacement pump, which gives us a fixed displacement per revolution regardless of pump discharge head, centrifugal pump performance is dictated by the affinity laws. For centrifugal pumps, the affinity laws state that:

### Affinity Laws and Specific Speed in Centrifugal Pumps

Jan 23, 2006 THE AFFINITY LAWS SPECIFIC SPEED IN CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS. By R.P. Horwitz Project Engineer. AFFINITY LAWS. The performance of a given pump at various speeds and the performance of geometrically similar pumps is governed by a set of formulas known as theaffinity laws. The affinity laws, or formulas, state that for a given pump, the capacity will …

### What is The Affinity Law - Pump Law - Definition

May 22, 2019 The Affinity Laws – Pump Laws. The centrifugal pump is a very capable and flexible machine. It is not necessary to design specific pump for each specific system. The performance of centrifugal pump can be changed by the change in impeller diameter or its rotational speed. The affinity laws, or the pump laws, state how such changes influence the …

### Cheat Sheets: The Affinity Laws - Empowering Pumps

May 31, 2013 Cheat Sheets: The Affinity Laws – Empowering Pumps. In an earlier article in this series on the “Cheat Sheets,” I stated, “At 1,800 RPM, the impeller diameter in inches, multiplied by itself (or squared), is approximately the shutoff head of the pump in feet.”. (“ Unwritten Pump Rules ,” Mar. ’08, page 40).

### Centrifugal Force Affinity- Its All ... - Pumps Systems

Sep 02, 2006 Why do those three affinity laws do such a good job of predicting the performance of a centrifugal pump when its rotational speed or impeller diameter is changed? Well, it turns out that they are not just guesses or approximations. They are actually rooted in the work of Isaac Newton, whose laws of motion also debunk the myth of centrifugal force.

### 5 Similarity Laws (Affinity Laws) PDF Fluid Mechanics ...

Similarity Laws (Affinity. Laws) Similarity Laws (Affinity Laws) • The affinity laws (Also known as the Fan Laws or Pump Laws) for pumps/fans are used in hydraulics, hydronics and/or HVAC to express the relationship between variables involved in pump or fan performance (such as head, volumetric flow rate, shaft speed) and power. • applies to pumps, fans, and hydraulic …

### Lesson Four - The Affinity Laws - AOD Centrifugal Pumps ...

The affinity law variables which affect pump performance are: 1) Pump speed in pump revolutions per minute (RPM). 2) Impeller diameter. Changing the Pump Speed (RPM): When the impeller diameter of a centrifugal pump is held constant the effect of changing the speed (RPM) of the pump is in accordance with the following: Capacity: Q1/Q2 = N1/N2

### Lesson Four - The Affinity Laws - AOD Centrifugal Pumps ...

The affinity law variables which affect pump performance are: 1) Pump speed in pump revolutions per minute (RPM). 2) Impeller diameter. Changing the Pump Speed (RPM): When the impeller diameter of a centrifugal pump is held constant the effect of changing the speed (RPM) of the pump is in accordance with the following: Capacity: Q1/Q2 = N1/N2.

### Centrifugal Pump - Affinity Laws - The Engineering Concepts

The affinity laws can be used to calculate volume capacity, head or power consumption in centrifugal pumps with changing speed or wheel diameters

### Affinity Laws -

The affinity laws express the mathematical relationship between the several variables involved in pump performance. They apply to all types of centrifugal and axial flow pumps. They are as follows: With impeller diameter D held constant: Where: Q = Capacity, GPM. H = Total Head, Feet. BHP = Brake Horsepower. N = Pump Speed, RPM. With speed N ...

### Pumps - Affinity Laws - Engineering ToolBox

The Affinity Laws of centrifugal pumps or fans indicates the influence on volume capacity, head (pressure) and/or power consumption of a pump or fan due to. change in speed of wheel - revolutions per minute (rpm) geometrically similarity - change in impeller diameter. Note that there are two sets of affinity laws:

### The Affinity Laws - Pump Laws - Centrifugal Pumps

The affinity laws, or the pump laws, state how such changes influence the pump’s performance. These laws are summarized in the following points. • The flow rate or capacity is directly proportional to the pump speed: double the speed / double the flow. Q ∝ n • The pump head is directly proportional to the square of the pump speed: double the speed/multiply the …

### Affinity laws - KSB

The relationships established between the physical quantity of the original and that of the model by means of the characteristic coefficients are called affinity laws. Using characteristic pump parameters such as the impeller diameter (D), rotational speed (n ), acceleration due to gravity (g) and the density of the fluid handled (ρ), various characteristic coefficients can be established …

### Basic Pump Parameters and the Affinity Laws

understanding of the Affinity Laws. The Affinity Laws allow Engineers to estimate the resulting changes to certain hydraulic parameters caused by the manipulation of a single centrifugal pump variable. Centrifugal Pump Fundamentals Pumps are broadly classified as kinetic or positive displacement. One of the sub-

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